Vetusta Monumenta: Ancient Monuments, a Digital Edition

Plates 2.36-2.37: Monument of Raherus and St. Bartholomew's Priory Church (Original Explanatory Account)


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THE monument here repreſented is that of RAHERUS, founder of the hoſpital and priory of St. Bartholomew the Leſs, in Smithfield, in the west suburb of London, in the reign of Henry I.

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Edward III. by writ teſted at Weſtminſter, March 14, in his 26th year, exempts this hoſpital from tenths and fifteenths, nones, wools, and other aids. It is there ſtated to be intended to receive all the infirm poor that reſort to it, till they are recovered from their infirmity, all pregnant women till after their delivery, and their children for ſeven years if the mother happen to die in the hoſpital;

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abſent) and gave him ſeveral blows on the breaſt, face, and head, accompanied with the moſt violent and ſcurrilous language: and the canons endeavoring to reſcue their ſub-prior, the archbiſhop tore his rich cope, and the button of it richly ſet in gold, ſilver, and jewels, was loſt in the croud. Nor did the haughty prelate, who was a foreigner from Provence, ſtop here.

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ſoon after he retired to London, where he ended his days in leſs than half a year, as appears by his will, dated Auguſt 14, and proved Nov. 4, 1540; wherein he ſtiles himſelf late abbot of Waltham, and prior of St. Bartholomew, Smithfield; out of the revenues of which laſt houſe, as being moſt largely endowed, Mr. Willis ſuppoſes his penſion was paid, if he had any allowed him.

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were united by Gilbert, biſhop of London, 1440; from which time the Darcy family preſented, paying a penſion of 20s. to the priory (q).

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By the above recited charter of Henry I. to the hoſpital, it is plain that epiſcopal authority and juriſdiction were preſerved in both theſe houſes, which further appears by the following and continual practices of Richard Newport, biſhop of London (m), who viſited this hoſpital 1318, jure ordinario as it is expreſſed, and then made ſeveral injunctions for the better regulating thereof.

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The rectory and advowſon of Little Wakering, in the county of Eſſex (i); of which they continued patrons to the diſſolution. Henry VIII. refounding that hoſpital granted 13 January 1546, among other things, the rectory and advowſon of Little Wakering, and the advowſon of the vicarage, and Sherneworle’s marſh in this pariſh, to the mayor, commonality, and citizens, of London, governors of that hoſpital (k). Alexander Swerford was a benefactor (l).

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“Hic jacet Rogerus Walden epiſcopus Londonens. qui cum in utraque fortuna plurimum laboravit ex hac vita migravit 2 die Novem. 1406.

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Translation of the Longer Passages:

Page 8, lines 1-6: Here lies Roger Walden, Bishop of London, who, after toiling much in good and bad fortune, departed this life on the 2nd day of November, 1406. A man, a true servant of the Lord, lies below, Roger Walden, for whom fortune had never remained constant; now Almighty God has granted him the repose of the tomb. He rejoices and in the heavens sings praises where are all the faithful.